2012年6月13日星期三

Broom A Brief History


1908, production broom girl
Daily household utensils, broom is the most humble. Ordinary odd shape of the broom, always humbly static leaning in the corner, without noticeable, we can not get the attention it deserves. Cleaning, broom tip light across the ground is the main force of the cleaning work. Whether it is a messy kitchen, or covered with leaves corridor, just a good quality broom, that firmly bind them in a bunch of sticks and straw by virtue of it, you can easily sweep the trouble. Even in the vacuum cleaner to dominate the world today, the broom has always been an integral part of combat effectiveness and stain fighting. Electrostatic micro-fiber combination with sophisticated power whirlpool vacuum cleaner appears to be strong, but can never replace the feeling of sweeping. Kind of soft power, with the elegant pace slightly from the broom has been passed down hands. People on the broom is so accustomed to, but never asked a broom reason for the broom, who invented? Why use this? Or may not know, the broom is not a beginning level.
Broom initially did not like the supermarket today, trafficking, are flat
Broom first appeared in the exact date has diffuse untraceable. But almost certainly yes, people in ancient times, and bind them in a bundle of branches, reeds, corn stalk and other natural fibers to clean up dust and fire (after cooking stoves) side of the ashes. "New Testament" records, that when discussing Luke 15:8, Jesus mentioned the broom on the importance of the lost souls: "like a woman of 10 silver coins, if she lost one, how will lit candles, cleaning the house, and carefully until she found it? " In the 19th century, the broom is a special kind of art, most of the brooms are manufactured in their own homes, is also a wide variety of raw materials. Of material on hand (no matter what can be used on as) tied into a bundle with a rope or linen wound on the stick, an original broom completed. Of course, these simple hand broom is often life is very short, often to be replaced. Specialized broom production began in the Anglo-Saxon England, local artisans known for village "broom gentleman". Artisans from locally produced birch branches, to prune them tied to a chestnut or other timber on top. Yellow folk songs of the 18th century, a "broom" to make fun of a female broom craftsmen to do the broom needs to find local materials as well as other interesting road. English broom trading in the region lasted for centuries, accompanied with a variety of home-grown technology. Until now, some practitioners of the craft heritage of this cultural heritage, and still do in their own brooms.
Production of sorghum of the broom
The rise of the contemporary real broom manufacturing, and large-scale harvesting of the crops, called "sorghum" are closely related. This heading grass (Sorghum pole), sweet corn, sorghum seeds and fibers initially in addition to no use as feed. Then, according to historian Gregory H. Snow Paul Adams (Gregory H Nobles), said in 1797, one from Mei Siha Tegretol, Mingjiaoliwei Dickinson (Levi Dickinson) farmers suddenly Want to use the crop to his wife with a broom, and the more out to your neighbor. It was discovered that his broom - a sorghum round beam tied to a stick, the handle wrapped around some braid - more durable than the previous template easier to use, so this broom quickly sold in the local. Before 1800, the production of brooms production of Dickins and his sons have every year hundreds and marketing the northeastern United States.
1906, a broom making machine advertising
Broom production, the production process and the pace of agricultural production is very consistent. Other farmers seeing soon have to start planting acres of sorghum, is also involved in this business. The first decades of the 19th century, a "broom machines have been developed. This is a set of pliers, clamps, and a pedal-driven composition tools. This is essentially a tension tool, a broom maker foot driving power, the coil tension broom. Such a machine broom manufacturing faster.
Early 19th century Shack followers production of flat-head broom
Broom by the round flattened Shack congregants. The Shack followers are concentrated in the northeast of Christian denominations in the United Kingdom, their creed that the beautiful and practical basis, can satisfactorily meet the design purpose of anything can be called perfect, and therefore they respect their own handmade goods . Shack teaching intervention, this is the only major changes occurred after the advent of the broom machine, brooms, although this change is simple but very clever. People will no longer sorghum tied into a round beam, on the contrary, people began to steel wire fixed fiber, flatten them with pliers and then they wear tight. This deal with the broom to a superior and sophisticated cleaning equipment. Flat broom while increasing control of the broom action, and its surface area. The (Shack Hindus also invented a small duster is ideal for dusting and sweeping higher place with one hand.) This design is still the choice of all broom until today. Broom machine invention and improvement of the Shack followers, broom manufacturing quickly swept through the United States. In 1850 its production reached a peak of Massachusetts a year produced more than one million broom, and exported to South America. Ultimately, the broom manufacturing in the country to expand into the Western states, where sorghum growth.
In 1944, a broom factory production for the U.S. Army
By the 20th century, the industry in the northeastern United States, obviously dying. When all trade involved in the industrialization tide, small broom shop gradually expanded to become the factory, however, these factories still rely on manual labor. Until 1994, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) makes Mexico a cheap broom forced many local businesses closed. Today, most natural fiber brooms from Mexico, local manufacturing is depleted. Broom changes contribute to and not just the Shack Catholics. The last century, when the broom in the world-wide changes are more or less the same. Artificial fiber synthesis for the first time in 1940, the DuPont company timely production of early filamentous extruded plastic products. This technology in the 50-60 age soon be used in broom production. School guard size "broom, the broom become a variety of These types of traditional broom one in today's sales. Many homeowners have both hands ready, and a soft plastic brush used to clean sensitive hardwood, hard sorghum rod is used to the heavier work.
Although the variety of cleaning tools, but to design the perfect old-fashioned broom is still the choice of the majority of families
Contemporary housewives in cleaning up the floor has a variety of options, should be as much from the synthetic fiber brooms to vacuum cleaners. Especially in cleaning carpets, vacuum cleaners contributed. But the majority of American families still retain the old-fashioned broom, because of its reliability remains the same. Years ago, the perfect design of essential household goods, whether as cleaning supplies or as a cultural symbol of the household cleaning, the power of the broom is still to well-deserved. Finally a critical aesthetic problem: Compared to the fiber in the fragile plastic stick, sturdy broom now looks simply a work of art.
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