2012年6月14日星期四

"Confucius Dream": international scholars in the eyes of the Confucius Institute

"Confucius Dream": international scholars in the eyes of the Confucius Institute
Bright places of political views By
□ "political observer places bright Confucius Institute launched in 2004, today has gone through eight years. According to the data of the State Council Hanban official website, as of October 2010, has established 322 Confucius Institutes and 369 Confucius Classroom, compared with similar institutions in developing fairly rapidly. Foreign scholars Confucius Institute as a research object, in many ways to interpret this institution. Brisbane, Australia Queensland University of Technology of Foucault the Ha Dingge (Falk, Hartig), the Confucius Institute, qualitative and most scholars, he believes the Confucius Institute should be regarded as a tool of cultural diplomacy with Chinese characteristics, its purpose is to enhance China's soft power. Ha Dingge Confucius Institute in Germany for analysis, cite the specific behavior of these institutions. He pointed out that the main activities of these institutions, including various levels of language learning, a variety of cultural activities such as exhibitions, film screenings and a variety of civil dialogue. These activities is not too much involved in the ideological propaganda of the Chinese government, but concerned about the propagation and culture, and to enhance China's international image. In addition, the Confucius Institute tacit evasive on sensitive issues to avoid losing the Chinese side supports. From the activities point of view, the Confucius Institute at the University of Southern California Lifestyle Asia, U.S. public diplomacy centers scholar Nicholas Carr on the definition of cultural diplomacy, through the dissemination of cultural resources and achievements to improve the international environment. From the point of view of organizational forms, the Confucius Institute and Spain's Instituto Cervantes, Germany's Goethe Institute, British Council, Alliance Française is not entirely similar. Unlike in full by the national government-funded organizations, the Confucius Institute there are three types of organization: China's single management, co-management with local partners, to empower local partners sole agent. The second way is the most common. American scholar Joshua Kurlantzick and scholars of the University of Nottingham, Lai Hongyi have praised the efficiency of this organization, and made ​​to spend a minimum of money to do most things. Well-known international relations expert Joseph Nye had praised Confucius Institute to enhance China's soft power. Of course, not all are singing the praises of the Confucius Institute. Slavik Institute, Hokkaido University, Ren Zhe on the author's point of view against Chennai. He believes that in some countries due to fears of Chinese culture expansion, opened the Confucius Institute more hesitation; In addition, due to the lack of qualified foreign language teachers, the Confucius Institute of the quality of teaching should be improved. Ren Zhe research in Japan, Waseda University, responding students and teachers are aware that the Confucius Institute in the school, but do not know the specific location where not recall this agency has hosted any event. Ren Zhe concern with the traditional culture of the Confucius Institute, there is no emphasis on contemporary culture. Contemporary culture represents a new generation of Chinese people, this culture more easily than the traditional culture to foreigners to accept. In contrast, the traditional culture of Japan and South Korea close to China, but has its own contemporary culture, and in the world caused by large or small cultural wave. China hopes that the dissemination of culture through the Confucius Institute to find the common ground of their own culture with the rest of the world to find the key concepts can be more easily accepted. In fact, in addition to the definition of culture, the dissemination of content and means of communication, the Confucius Institute also face more serious questions. Some scholars have pointed out that the Confucius Institute is a non-profit organization's enterprise Hanban and the Confucius Institute has countless ties, the leadership of this enterprise is Han, deputy director of this system setting may cause problems. The rapid development of the Confucius Institute also gave a number of countries, especially China's neighbors had an impact. Indian scholars Pa Lama Sinha Parry and Ami Tan Parry pointed out that the Confucius Institute in India, be regarded as more far-reaching strategic objectives. Confucius Institute and Indian Council for Cultural Relations, Bollywood movies and Indian languages ​​analogy, highlighting the political function of the Confucius Institute. In their eyes, the volunteers of the Confucius Institute is a "civil diplomats" of the Chinese government and Chinese cultural and social influence in the region of human resources. India is clearly lagging behind in this regard, you need to catch up with China. In addition to the activities, organizational forms, some foreign scholars also tried to establish contact between the Confucius Institute and Chinese foreign economic activity. They believe that the Confucius Institute to strengthen the host country relations with China, enhance the sense of intimacy, and reduce the cost of exchange. The same time, the Confucius Institute as a platform for information exchange, open market channel for the flow and reduce the costs of economic exchange. American scholar Donald Lean, Wu Changxun Travis Saylor Mill, the journal of the International Economic and Financial Review The author published the results of their data model, that the Confucius Institute at the overall increase in China's foreign direct investment 48% to 118%, but in developed countries this figure is not high in developing countries, this figure is 46% to 130% foreign trade growth of 4% to 27% in developing countries alone. In fact, based on "economic accounts" also increased concerns about the actual function of the Confucius Institute and the "free rider" behavior that may arise, and foreign scholars focus of heated debate. In China, some scholars started to pay attention to the Confucius Institute. They generally believe that the Confucius Institute to be able to convey a positive image of China is an important way for China to increase its soft power and open trade and economic cooperation. In any case, the Confucius Institute has become one of the most prominent phenomenon in China's image abroad, the Confucius Institute's research is also increasingly become a hot spot. Of course, the rapid development of the Confucius Institute on the study of higher standards and the need for tracking dynamic. For Chinese people, how to effectively use of national resources and cultural heritage, the real goal is the most important diplomatic or cultural transmission, which also requires us to "open the eyes to the world", depth discussion of the Confucius Institute. [References] Kurlantzick, Joshua (2007): Charm Offensive How China's Soft Power Is Transforming the World. Yale University Press, New Haven and London. Cull, Nicolas J. (2008), 'Public Diplomacy: Taxonomies and Histories', The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, vol. 616, no. 1, March, pp. 31-54. Donald Lien, Chang Hoon Oh, W. Travis Selmier, Confucius institute effects on China's trade and FDI: Isn't it delightful when folks afar study Hanyu? International Review of Economics and Finance 21 (2011) 147-155 Falk Hartig, Confusion about Confucius Institutes: Soft Power Push or Conspiracy? A case study of Confucius Institutes in Germany, 18th Biennial Conference of the Asian Studies Association of Australia in Adelaide, 5-8 July 2010. Parama Sinha Palit & Amitendu Palit, Strategic Influence of Soft Power: Inferences for India from Chinese Engagement of Shouth and Southeast Asia, ICRIER Policy Series, No.3, Aug.2011 Ren Zhe, Confucius Institutes: China's Soft Power?, Sigur Center for Asian Studies, Policy Commentary, June 2010 Of LAI Hongyi, China's Cultural Diplomacy: Going for the Soft Powers, EAI Background Brief No. 308, 26 October 2006
(This article taken from the political views without permission is prohibited.)

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